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Supplement to ANTI- VIVISECTION.
ajv exposition of vivisection.
The following concise definition of Vivisection, and various facts connected
with the practice, is f i-om the pen of Mrs. Sara Thorpe Thomas, of Alexan-
der, Arkansas, and reprinted from The Farmers^ Director, of Madisonville, Texas.
As a means of much information in small compass this pamphlet should be
perused by those willing to become informed upon a subject now under general
discussion. Mrs. Thomas has at command the liublished authority for every
statement herein contained. Let all who hope for Mercy or Peace in the final
adjustment of human affairs nerve themselves to examine these pao-es and then.
come over and help m^.— ILLINOIS ANTI-VIVISECTION SOCY., Aurora, III^
Apparatus for studying the "Meclianism of Death by Heat." — Bernard's Lecons sur la ckaleur
Animale (Paris) p. 347. Living dogs, rabbits and pigeons were thus baked or boiled to death.
It is so short a time since public
attention has been directed to the
practice of vivisection that many do not
know what it is, and othei^s will not be-
lieve its horrors are perpetrated in our
own country. Vivisection is the cut-
ting up of animals, and includes many
other modes of toi-ture, such as suffocat-
ing, starving, baking, freezing, dissect-
ing out different internal organs, etc.,
etc. . It is carried on in nearly all Med-
ical Colleges and Universities in
Europe and America, and it has been
introduced into many private and pub-
lic schools, principally at the North, in
which animals are dissected alive before
classes by teachers, Vjoth men and wo-
men. Vivisectors deceive and quiet the
public by claiming these horrible acts
are '"for the benefit of mankind" and in
'•the interests of science," but read the
following with this thought in mind
and see if there is anything that in the
remotest way could be of use in the
treatment of human beings.
According to the published records
of the vivisecxors, in books, pamphlets
and medical journals, from which,
mostly, we obtain our information, up
to October 1894. they have been engaged
in baking dogs. cats, rabbits and other
animals, and birds, in ovens made
especially for that purpose with glass
sides so all the agony can be seen by the
tormentor as he stands with book in
hand and makes notes of his victim's
actions and breathing, as death
approaches. They have roasted them
in both dry and damp heat, sometimes
with the heads out so their temperature
could be taken as it rises.
Vivisectors, according to their own
published testimony, have skinned ani-
mals alive and wrapped them in differ-
ent substances, covered with oil and
varnishes to see how long they could
live without a natural skin. They dip
others in boiling oil, and water, and
still others they rub with inflammable
substances like turpentine, and set them
on fire; they starve animals and feed
them on unnatural substances like peb-
bles, earth and the vilest filth; pour
melted lead into their ears; make holes
in their stomachs and pour in boiling
water; break their bones by blows from
heavy mallets and stone bottles, and
bruise the flesh so thoroughly the bones
can be drawn from it; dislocate the
limbs and confine the dogs for months
in plaster casts so the joints will heal
permanently stiff; cut holes in the skull
and wash out the brains — put in the
brains of other animals, or tear them in
pieces, so that as one vivisector said,
"they looked like newly hoed potatoe
Dr. A. M. Phelps, of New York, twisted and bound the legs of dogs In unnatural positions; forced
the leg of one dog over its back, binding it, and sealing it in plaster-of-paris; kept it thus 145 days.
The above illustration is an exact copy of the drawing accompanying the article written by Dr. Phelps
and published in "Laboratory Researches." They who know the pain of a limb even a short time in
a cramped position can imagine the sufferings of this dog.
fields;" divide the back bones of large
animals, like horses, mules and kine,
with a chisel and destroy the spinal
marrow by running wires through it,
or lay it bare to be stimulated by pass-
ing e'ectricity over it which causes the
most indescribable agony. The nerves
are also seperated from the surround-
ing flesh by carefully picking it away
and in this state experimented on with
electricity, acids, heat, &c, &c. Inter-
nal organs are cut out, like livers, kid-
neys and stomachs, and in the latter
case organs of other animals put in, and
the one operated upon made to vomit.
Vivisectors, according to their own
published testimony, freeze animals to
death, suffocate them by slow drowning
and plastering up the mouth; they in-
oculate them in the brain, eyes, ears,
with dreadful diseases like hydropho-
bia, and inject drugs, poison of snakes,
powdered glass, and vile substances un-
der the skin to produce ulcers and ab-
cesses which keep the poor creatures
in fearful agony for months before they
die; they are also compelled to breathe
corrosive gases which make the lungs
and all the air passages a mass of raw
flesh. They fasten animals till they grow
together, stiffen them like iron by
pp.tting- them under compreased oxy-
gen; try in every conceivable way to
make them commit suicide to get rid
These fearful outrages are perpe-
trated upon man's most faithful friend,
the dog; upon our more timid pets, cats,
rabbits, guinea pigs, white rats and
mice as well as gi'ey ones; upon pig-
eons, frogs, iind indeed upon every spe-
cies of living creatures the ''experi-
menters" can secure.
So pitiless and hardened do vivisec-
tors become to sulTering that, accord-
ing to their own published testimony,
5. ? §■
thiy watch the most terrible agony
which they themselves have caused,
with feelings of pleasure, patience and
'■joyful excitement." Pror'. Goltz says.
"It was 'marvelous and astonishing,' to
find that a dog that had served for
some seven experiments, whose breasts
had been cut off, whose hind quarters
were completely paralyzed, and whose
spinal marrow had been destroyed, the
animal suffering afterward from fatal
peritonitis, v/as still capable of natural
feelings for its yonng. ''She unceas-
ingly Jicked the living and the dead
puppy (bom on the torture table) and
treated the living puppy with the same
tenderness an uninjured dog might
Every vivisector declares to the out-
side world that chloroform or other
anaesthetics are used to make the ani-
mal insensible to pain while they are
at work upon it, but thei.- recoid of
their own experiments show they
rarely use anything of the kind for
various reasons. Some animals, like
dogs, for instance, are so sensitive to
chloroform that they die before being
stupified. Hence, to them chloroform
and ether cannot be safely adminis-
tered, for they would defeat the objects
of the vivisector; and anaesthesia can-
not be prolonged through the days and
weeks of suffering consequent upon the
result of inoculations with drugs or
bacilli of the virulent diseases like
cholera, yellow fever, small-pox, etc.
They do indeed use curare, a drug
which paralyses the muscles so the
animals cannot move or cry out, but
it rendei's their nerves so sensitive
their sufferings are far more dreadful
than without it. Claude Bernard, called
\/' - V i
"the prince of vivisectors" says of cu-
rare: "This death that seems to steal on
in so gentle a manner and so exempt
from pain, is, on the contrary, accom-
panied by the most atrocious sufferings
that the imagination of man can con-
Vivisectors say their inoculations are
"not more painful than the prick of a
needle," but as they are vaccinating
the animals with hydj'ophobia, diph-
tiieria, anthrax, cholera, and usin;4' the
most dreadful substances to produce in-
flammation, the suifering attendant
upon these operations are if possible
more horrible than those where death
follows in a few hours.
Vivisectors claim for themselves
some of the most impoi'tant discoveries
in medical science, and though it has
been proved over and over again that
vivisection had nothing whatever to do
with them, with an effrontery that
would shame the veriest mountebank
they still delude tho credulous public
with the same old falsehoods which
Ludwig's machine for 'nuasuring the rate of the blood current in Livim;
Rabbits.— Cyan, Table XXII.
gi-ow stale to the men and women whose
horror of this work has brought on in-
Vivisectors say they "only use -a few
animals." Do they not own this is
false when their records show tho fol-
lowing? Victor Hjrsley, of London,
acknowledged the use of 38i cats and
364 monkeys for a particular puri)ose.
Paul Bert performed his most awful
experiments on 585 animals. Fontana
caused 4.000 animals to be bitt>';i by
poisonous snakes. Between 1850 and
1852 there were 26.0W dogs, 25,000 oits
and rabbits, and 5,000 horses, asses and
cattle vivisected in Vienna alone. Or-
fila poisoned 6.000 dogs; S( hilf vivi-
sected 14.000 foi" one purpose, and alto-
gether, 70,000 in his two year's work in
Florence. Majendie sacrificed 4,000
dogs to prove one theory and 4,000 more
to disprove it; Flourens did cruelly to
death another enoriaous number to re-
prove it; Pasteur, v/ho claims to pre-
v.ent hydrophobia, is visiting many
un-nameable torments upon thou-
sands of innocent animals at the pres-
ent time. Koch, who professed to cure
consumption, used thousands upon thou-
sands of animals in inhuman and use-
less experiments. Koch has gone to
his rewai-d ''unhonored and unsung."
The Doctors themselves o.re giving lit-
tle credit to either Koch or Pasteur for
their "discoveries."' We learn this
from their published letters and
After excusing all this fiendish work
by claiming it is to benefit mankind,
they come out and plainly say the low-
er animals are so entirely different
from man that the knowledge they get
"is not reliable." Drugs and surgical
operations act so entirely unlike in
many cases on men and animals that
they "are misleading" and on these
grounds they urge the necessity for hu-
man subjects. They say "it is right
that the few should suffer for the many;
give us criminals v.'ho have forfeited
their claims on society, and the inmates
of the almshouses and hospitals. " With-
out waiting to receive this gift volun-
tarily from the people vivisectors have
taken t!ie privilege of experimenting
on living men, women and children, and
it makes one's blood run cold to read
the record.s of what they have done in
hospitals -namely: Grafted cancers on
I)atient3 while they were under the in-
fluence of chloroform and not com-cious
of what was being done; tickled and
Windpipe of a Living Dog dissected out to stop the cries of the animal, tinder othev
experimentation. — Be Graaf, No. 5.
pricked the soles of a woman's feet day
after day to produce convuitiions; in-
jected different drugs into insane per-
sons which produced such agony they
begged it should not be done and even
struggled so against it the vivisectors
said they "were obliged to use force."
Persons known to be dying were exper-
imented on in many ways as stated "to
furnish reports to the MedicalJournaV'
The effects of drugs, poisons and inocu-
lating with almost all the frightful dis-
eases known, such as leprosy, erysipe-
las, &c., have been tried in childrens'
hospitals, some experiments commenc-
ing with infants of a few hours.
To such insane lengths does this un-
holy passion for experimenting extend
that a Dr. Wachsmuth. who, though
knowing how to prevent and cure a
certain disease his own child was suf-
fering from, did nothing for him, in or-
der to v/atch the course of the disease.
Another, Dr. Lund, fed his own healthy
son on milk from a diseased cow to pro-
duce tuberculosis and succeeded in do-
ing to to his entire satisfaction. This
spring (1894) M. McGowan brought suit
against the city of San Francisco for
seven strips of skin each one and a half
by eight inches, stolen from his bodj
for skin-grafting while a patient at the
-• 0. r
Thi.'< is vivisection — nothing but
death — spiritual death to him who prac-
tices it and physical destruction for his
victims. It is true we see these men
mingling socially with their fellows
bat described in Holy Writ as "whited
sepulchers which indeed appear beau-
tiful outwardly but within are full of
dead men's bones and all uncleanness."
Their eyes cannot pity, their hearts
cannot feel, and friend or foe are alike
if they fall into their power when they
can be used for "•experiment." Our
own country is bfcoming full of it. and
anxfous to ape the so called •'/Science"
of foreign lands. The most barbarous
experiments ever performed abroad,
have already been repeated with great
self congratulation in many of our own
Universities. Nearly ai] institutes of
learning have their vivisectjrs. home
bred or from abroad, to teach physiol-
ogy by untold torture of defenseless an-
imals; but they like to call those from
other countries vrho already have a
'•reputation'' in connection with this
diabolical sport. One example is the
Western Reserve University, Cleve-
land, Ohio, whore a Prof. Gad from
Berlin officiates at the torture table.
Four years ago the Worcester TeZe-
gram, (Mass.) commenced a crusade
against vivisection as carried on in
■Luiye cloy on ichidi variouti experiments have lee)> nuule over night. It
no worse.'' La PvessUm Barometrique. p. 637. PAUr. Bert. Paris.
Cark University of that city with ths
knowledge and consent of its founder
Jonas Clark. Mr. Clark admitted that
great pains hn.d bee,i taken to keep
this work from the Knowledge of the
people, bat was very much pleased that
it was atrocious enough to be •'recog-
nized in Europe and published in the
Scientific Journals in Prussia." The
reporter who would not have been ad-
mitted had he asked permission, let
himself into a room wiiere dogs were
kept in all states of mutilation: the cats
were in another place which reeked
with heat, filth and odors. A Dr.
Hodge officiates there now, and the
amount of agony vhich he can cause
with the $50,000 worth of machinery
made especially for that purpose, can-
not ever bo imagined.
To stop this Satanic work, anti-vivi-
section societies have been organized
to spread information and circulate pe-
titions to the General and State Gov-
ernments to supi^ress it by law, for,
strange as it may seem, a man may be
punished for unmercifully whipping
his horse but let him turn into a med-
ical professor and he can cut him up
alive by inches, and add to that every
torture he can invent, for then he calls
his work scknce.
Great excitement was caused in 1892
by the dissecting- of living horses
without anaesthetics in the University
of Pennsylvania. The existing laws
of Pennsylvania provided no punish-
ment for cruelty done by '"scientists."
The agitation against vivisection
commenced in Europe in 1874. There
are now in operation there sixty-three
anti- vivisection societies and branches.
There are two societies in the United
States^the American at Philadelphia
and the Illinois, at Aurora, 111. The
latter issues this Tract and begs the
assistance of all who wish to "make the
A Restrictive Act passed the Brit-
ish Parliament fourteen years ago, but
was found so ineffective that all the so-
cieties are demanding total abolition.
Let us insist upon no compromise what-
ever with the unclean thin;?.
DUKE MED. CENTER Lli,
ILLINOIS ANT I- VIVISECTION SOCIETY
Mrs. a. K. Perry, 259 South Broadway, Aurora. Illinois.
VICE PRESIDENTS IN AURORA:
Rev. J. H. Acton,
Mrs. Julia C. Acton,
Mrs. Dr. E. H. Gai.e.
cannot ^ '
if tlieV i'i^i SECRETARY AND TREASURER:
can be nsov mrs. Fairchild Allen, 104 North Fourth St. Aurora, Illinois,
anxfous'to ape Asst. Secy., Miss Harriet E. Taylor.
of foreign a.ncs EXECUTIVE committee:
J. H. Acton, D. D.,
Hon. E. R, Allen,
A. K. Perry, Esq.,
Mrs. Julia C. Acton,
Mrs. S. Mccarty,
Mrs. Lottie A. Mack,
Mrs. Fairchild Allen
VICE PRESIDENTS ELSEWHERE.
Selected from active, vporking', contributing members:
/'j&dss Frances Power Cobbe, Hengwrt, Dol-
i)llil/i4iy , North Wales.
'^''^Mrs. C. A. Meiser and Mrs. Nora T. Gause,
Mrs. H. B. Williams, Bristol, Vt.
Mr=,. F. B. Powell, Woodstock, Vt.
Philip O. Peabody, Esq., Boston, Mass.
Joseph M. Greene and Miss E. Louise Brown,
Rodney Dennis. Esq., Hartford Conn.
Miss Mary J. Carr, Broolilyn N . Y.
C. A. Hamlin, Syracuse. N. Y.
Miss Caroline Spencer. Catskill, N. Y.
Christopher Roberts, Newark, N. J.
Miss M. A. Peet and Mrs. Sarah Ellen Blackwell
Washinffton, D. C.
Thos M. Tm-vev. Philadelphia, Pa.
Rev. Henry S, Clubb. ••
Mrs. Dr. Reverdy B. Stewart. Warren, Pa.
Miss Kate V. Austin. Winchester, Ky.
Mrs. Mary T. McTeer, Mar:rville, Tenn.
Miss Fannie Alston, Charleston, So. C.
C. L. Doll, Esq.. Montgomery, Ala.
Mrs. W. S. Thomas. Alexander, Ark.
Miss Sarah Munson, Zanesville. Ohio.
Mrs. E. J. Smith, Tallmadge, Ohio.
Miss Evelyn McCormick, LaFayette, Ind.
Mrs. A. C. Elster, Indianapolis, Ind.
Prof. David Swing, lohn T. Dale, Esq., Miss
D. E. Dix, Miss Sarah Munson, Miss Maude B.
Fairchild, Monroe Reese Rothschild and (i. G.
Taylor, Chicago, 111.
Mrs. M. W. Rouse, Peoria, IlL
Mrs. Thomas W. Palmer and Mrs. Anna E.
Mclntyre, Detroit, Mich.
Mrs. J. H. French and Mrs Helen Lee, Beloit,
Mrs. Wm. H. Bradley, Milwaukee, Wis.
rs. Josiah Hocl^ing, Racine, Wis.
Mrs. Velma C. Melville, Sun Prairie, Wis.
Mrs. E. W. Williams, Winona. Minn,
Mrs. Geo. W. Ogilvie, Des Moines, Iowa.
Mrs. F. M. White, Shenandoah,
Mrs. Frances Birdsall Stearns, Harristaui-g,
Mrs. Anna Keating, California.
Almon A. Locke, Esq., Los Angeles, Cali.
Mrs. Lydia A. Irons, Marshall, WasliiUj-toa.
The National Petition for the Total Abolition of Vivisection bears, to date,
Dec. 1, 1894. 4,943 signatures. It reads thus, "I am opposed to Vivisection and
hereby petition for its Toted Abolition.'''' Many are sending in the sum of Ten
Cents, as requested, with the signatures. These little sums are gratefully
received as well as the larger donations which comprise the bone and sinews of
the Society's work. The Annual Membership fee is 50c; Life Membership $10.
Those giving the lesser sums are designated as Patrons. We request all rnem-
bers and patrons to distribute literatui'e among their friends and acquaintances.
This will be furnished free— but payment for it will enable us to print more.
The price of Anti- Vivisection, the monthly journal of the Society,, is 50c.
per year. The price of this Tract is 10c. per doz; free to working member and
patrons. Tli,ere are 67 societies working (in Europe and America) against Vivi-
se(!tion. For further information address the Secretary.
Mrs. Fairchild Allen, Aurora, III.